Crangon crangon: can hydroxyproline be an indicator of changes in the species?

Agnieszka Kąkol, Anna Szaniawska

Paper category: Original research paper
Corresponding author: Agnieszka Kąkol (
DOI: 10.2478/ohs-2019-0012
Received: 14/06/2018
Accepted: 24/09/2018
Full text: here

Citation: Kąkol, A., Szaniawska, A., (2019). Crangon crangon: can hydroxyproline be an indicator of changes in the species?. Oceanological and Hydrobiological Studies, 48(2), 12-20. doi:10.1515/ohs-2019-0012


The hydroxyproline content in Crangon crangon tissues from the Gulf of Gdańsk (southern Baltic) was determined in males, non-ovigerous females and ovigerous females, depending on the individual body length, the study area (two profiles: Gdynia and Sopot) and the depth of occurrence. Individuals were collected and analyzed from April to August 2008. The research on the migratory species C. crangon indicates that the area and depth of its occurrence do not significantly affect the level of hydroxyproline in the tissues of this animal (p > 0.05). However, certain trends have been observed. Hydroxyproline participates in various life processes of C. crangon and its level in the tissues is significantly correlated with the sex of animals (p < 0.05). In males, hydroxyproline plays a major role in the body growth. Moreover, water temperature significantly affects the hydroxyproline content in males of different body sizes. Ovigerous females use hydroxyproline in the reproductive process. In non-ovigerous females, hydroxyproline participates both in the growth of organisms and in the reproductive period. Hydroxyproline can be an indicator of the collagen level, as well as an important factor in physiological processes.

Agnieszka Kąkol
University of Gdańsk, Faculty of Oceanography and Geography, Institute of Oceanography, Department of Experimental Ecology of Marine Organisms, Al. M. Piłsudskiego 46, 81-378 Gdynia, Poland
Anna Szaniawska
University of Gdańsk, Faculty of Oceanography and Geography, Institute of Oceanography, Department of Experimental Ecology of Marine Organisms, Al. M. Piłsudskiego 46, 81-378 Gdynia, Poland


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