Monitoring of the trophic ecology of pipefish species (Syngnathus abaster, Syngnathus acus) in an alluvial lake habitat (Lake Bafa, Turkey)

Sule Gurkan, Deniz Innal, Iskender Gulle

Paper category: Original research paper
Corresponding author: Sule Gurkan (
DOI: 10.2478/oandhs-2021-0003
Received: 20/07/2020
Accepted: 31/08/2020
Full text: here

Citation (APA style): Gurkan, S., Innal, D. & Gulle, I. (2021). Monitoring of the trophic ecology of pipefish species (Syngnathus abaster, Syngnathus acus) in an alluvial lake habitat (Lake Bafa, Turkey). Oceanological and Hydrobiological Studies, 50(1), 24-32.


The present study investigated the trophic ecology of two species living in an alluvial lake ecosystem in terms of season, length groups, sex, and mouth morphology. The fish were caught in a coastal lake area between December 2014 and March 2016 using a seine. In general, C. aquaedulcis was the most important prey for S. abaster, accounting for 10.99% of all prey, while amphipods accounted for 54.04% of the S. acus diet. Amphipods were the most frequently consumed prey in autumn, while C. aquaedulcis was the most important prey in spring. This result indicates that the species preferred similar prey groups and generated food competition depending on the season. The short-length group contained samples of S. abaster with empty guts, whereas S. acus in the same group consumed C. aquaedulcis. Length group II and III of individuals indicated that both species consumed amphipods and juvenile Syngnathus sp. Thus, the two species had statistically different preferences in terms of prey length. The mouth width of S. abaster was larger than that of S. acus. In conclusion, zooplankton constituted the main prey for both species in the lake and the morphological differences between the mouth apparatus of the species were due to the differences in feeding habits.


The results of the study showed that zooplankton was the main prey group in the alluvial lake environment, and the differences in feeding habits of the two species were attributable to the differences in their mouth apparatus. However, the effect of pipefish on the food ecology of the lake was not significant. On the other hand, maintaining the existing aquatic vegetation in the lake will help in the survival of the fish species and allow more detailed studies.


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