Paper category: Original research paper
Corresponding author: Hasan Cerim (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Full text: here
Citation (APA style): Cerim,H.(2022).Sustainability or fun? Recreational angling in Marine Protected Areas. Oceanological and Hydrobiological Studies,51(1) 32-44. https://doi.org/10.26881/oahs.2022.1.04
Gökova Bay MPAs (southern Aegean Sea, Turkey) include six different no-take zones (NTZs: Akyaka, Çamlı, Akbük, Boncuk-Karaca, İngiliz Limanı, Bördübet), in four of which shore angling is permitted (Akyaka, Çamlı, Akbük, Boncuk-Karaca). This study determined the total catch and size of fish caught in the Akyaka MPA during recreational fishing. In total, fish representing 22 species belonging to 10 families were caught and most of them were smaller than their length at first maturity. The projection showed that the total catch weight reached significant values for recreational angling in the Akyaka MPA. The results of this study indicate that recreational angling may pose a threat to both MPAs and no-take zones, causing them to deviate from their primary conservation goal due to the harvesting of juveniles by recreational anglers.
Aalbers, S.A., Stutzer, G.M. & Drawbridge, M.A. (2004). The Effects of Catch-and-Release Angling on the Growth and Survival of Juvenile White Seabass Captured on Offset Circle and J-Type Hooks. N. Am. J. Fish. Manag. 24, 793–800. DOI: 10.1577/M03-034.1
Abecasis. D., Bentes, L. & Erzini, K. (2009). Home range, residency and movements of Diplodus sargus and Diplodus vulgaris in a coastal lagoon: connectivity between nursery and adult habitats. Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci. 85, 525–9. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecss.2009.09.001
Aburto-Oropeza, O., Erisman, B., Galland, G.R., Mascarenas-Osorio, I., Sala, E. et al. (2011). Large Recovery of Fish Biomass in a No-Take Marine Reserve. PLoS ONE, 6, e23601. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0023601
Acarlı, D., Kara, A., Bayhan, B., & Çoker, T. (2009). Catch composition and catch efficiency of species caught from Homa Lagoon (Izmir Bay, Aegean Sea). EgeJFAS., 26(1), 39–47. DOI: 10.12714/egejfas.2009.26.1.5000156517
Akyol, O., Kınacıgil, H. T., & Şevik, R. (2007). Longline Fishery and Length-Weight Relationships for Selected Fish Species in Gökova Bay (Aegean Sea, Turkey). IJNES, 1(1), 1–4.
Ashworth, J.S. & Ormond, R.F.G. (2005). Effects of fishing pressure and trophic group on abundance and spillover across boundaries of a no-take zone. Biol. Conserv. 121(3), 333–344. DOI: 10.1016/j.biocon.2004.05.006
Ateş, C., Cerim, H., & Çelik, M. (2017). Length-weight Relationships of Commercial Indigenous and Lessepsian Fishes in Gökova Bay, Turkey. Cahiers de Biologie Marine, 58(1), 43–47.
Aydın, İ. (2011). Is natural bait type a stochastic process for size and condition of fishes in the recreational fishery of İzmir Bay? Mediterranean Marine Science, 12(2), 390–400.
Bann, C., & Başak, E. (2011). The economic analysis of Gökova Special Environmental Protection Area. Economic Analysis reports for Foça and Gökova in the framework of environmental economics principles. Retrieved June 20, 2019.
Bartholomew, A., & Bohnsack, J. A. (2005). A review of catch-and-release angling mortality with implications for no-take reserves. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries, 15(1-2), 129–154. DOI: 10.1007/s11160-005-2175-1
Bohnsack, J. A. (2000). A Comparison of the Short-Term Impacts of No-Take Marine Reserves and Minimum Size Limits. Bulletin of Marine Science, 66(3), 635–650.
Ceyhan, T., Akyol, O., & Erdem, M. (2009). Prawn Fishery in Gökova Bay (Aegean Sea). EgeJFAS, 26(3), 219–224.
Clark, C. W. (1977). Overcapitalization in commercial fisheries: Symptoms, causes, and cures. Environmental Biology of Fishes, 2(1), 3–5. DOI: 10.1007/BF00001411
Connell, S. (1998). Effects of predators on growth, mortality and abundance of a juvenile reef-fish:evidence from manipulations of predator and prey abundance. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 169, 251–261. DOI: 10.3354/meps169251
Cuadros, A., Moranta, J., Cardona, L., Thiriet, P., Pastor, J., Arroyo, N. L., & Cheminée, A. (2017). Seascape attributes, at different spatial scales, determine settlement and post-settlement of juvenile fish. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 185, 120–129. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecss.2016.12.014
Dar, S. A., Thomas, S. N., Chakraborty, S. K., Sreekanth, G. B., & Balkhi, M. H. (2015). Economic loss assessment on juvenile fish catch due to forced non-selectivity in a selective fishing gear, gillnet along Mumbai coast, India. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 7(2), 916–921. DOI: 10.31018/jans.v7i2.707
Day, J., Dudley, N., Hockings, M., Holmes, G., Laffoley, D., (2012). Guidelines for applying the IUCN Protected Area Management Categories to Marine Protected Areas. Retrieved June 20, 2019 from https://cmsdata.iucn.org/downloads/iucn_categoriesmpa_eng.pdf
Dereli, H., Tosunoğlu, Z., Göncüoğlu, H., & Ünal, V. (2015). Catch per unit effort (CPUE) and catch composition of small scale fisheries in Gökova Bay. Su Ürünleri Dergisi, 32(3), 135–143. DOI: 10.12714/egejfas.2015.32.3.03
Di Lorenzo, M., Claudet, J., & Guidetti, P. (2016). Spillover from marine protected areas to adjacent fisheries has an ecological and a fishery component. Journal for Nature Conservation, 32, 62–66. DOI: 10.1016/j.jnc.2016.04.004
EKAD (Ekolojik Araştırmalar Derneği). (2013). Gökova ÖÇKB’de Belirlenen Balıkçılığa Kısıtlı Alanlar ile Datça-Bozburun ÖÇKB’deki Selimiye ve Orhaniye Koylarında Balık Populasyonlarının İzlenmesi Projesi, Proje Sonuç Raporu. T.C. ÇEVRE ve Şehircilik Bakanlığı Tabiat Varliklarını Koruma Genel Müdürlüğü. (In Turkish)
FAO. (1999). Managing fishing capacity: Selected papers on underlying concepts and issues. Retrieved September 24, 2021 from http://www.fao.org/3/x2250e/x2250e00.htm#Contents
FAO. (2000). Reducing the impact of tropical shrimp trawl fisheries. FAO Fisheries Report No. 627. Rome. Retrieved September 24, 2021 from http://www.fao.org/fishery/docs/brochure/REBYC/Brochure_e.pdf
Fisher, J. A. D., & Frank, K. T. (2002). Changes in finfish community structure associated with an offshore fishery closed area on the Scotian Shelf. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 240, 249–265. DOI: 10.3354/meps240249
Font, T., Lloret, J., & Piante, C. (2012). Recreational fishing within Marine Protected Areas in the Mediterranean. Retrieved June 20, 2019 from http://www.medmpaforum.org/sites/default/files/medpan.rec_.fish_._english_web_version.pdf
Garcia-Rubies, A., & Macpherson, E. (1995). Substrate use and temporal pattern of recruitment in juvenile fishes of the Mediterranean littoral. Marine Biology, 124(1), 35–42. DOI: 10.1007/BF00349144
GDFA (General Directorate of Fisheries and Aquaculture). (2012). Amateur Fishery Regulations (3/2). Republic of Turkey Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry. Retrieved September 24, 2021 from https://www.adf.org.tr/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/amator-balikcilik-teblig-agustos-2012.pdf
GDFA (General Directorate of Fisheries and Aquaculture). (2016). Amateur Fishery Regulations (4/2). Republic of Turkey Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry. Retrieved September 24, 2021 from https://www.mevzuat.gov.tr/mevzuat?MevzuatNo=22751&MevzuatTur=9&MevzuatTertip=5
GDFA (General Directorate of Fisheries and Aquaculture). (2020). Amateur Fishery Regulations (5/2). Republic of Turkey Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry. Retrieved September 24, 2021 from https://www.mevzuat.gov.tr/mevzuat?MevzuatNo=34822&MevzuatTur=9&MevzuatTertip=5
GEF. (2010). Turkey: First Officially Designated “No Fishing Zones”. Retrieved June 20, 2019 from https://www.thegef.org/news/turkey-first-officially-designated-no-fishing-zones
Governorship of Muğla. (2019). Muğla guide, Geography (Location-Climate-Transportation). Retrieved June 20, 2019 from http://www.mugla.gov.tr/mugla-rehberi
Halpern, B. S. (2003). The impact of marine reserves: Do reserves work and does reserve size matter? Ecological Applications, 13(1), 117–137. DOI: 10.1890/1051-0761(2003)013[0117:TIOMRD]2.0.CO;2
Halpern, B. S., Lester, S. E., & Kellner, J. B. (2009). Spillover from marine reserves and the replenishment of fished stocks. Environmental Conservation, 36(4), 268–276. DOI: 10.1017/S0376892910000032
Harrison, H. B., Williamson, D. H., Evans, R. D., Almany, G. R., Thorrold, S. R., Russ, G. R., Feldheim, K. A., van Herwerden, L., Planes, S., Srinivasan, M., Berumen, M. L., & Jones, G. P. (2012). Larval export from marine reserves and the recruitment benefit for fish and fisheries. Current Biology, 22(11), 1023–1028. DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2012.04.008 PMID:22633811
Jones, P. J. (2002). Marine protected area strategies: Issues, divergences and the search for middle ground. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries, 11(3), 197–216. DOI: 10.1023/A:1020327007975
Kendall, A. W., & Picquelle, S. J. (2003). Marine protected areas and the early life history of fishes. Retrieved June 20, 2019 from https://www.pmel.noaa.gov/foci/publications/2003/kend0482.pdf
Kıraç, C., & Veryeri, N. (2010). Putting PEEN to Practice in Marine and Coastal Areas: A demonstration project ensuring the ecological resilience, coherence and sustainable future of Gökova Bay SEPA Turkey. Retrieved June 20, 2019 from https://sorumluamatorbalikcilik.files.wordpress.com/2014/11/gokova-icmm-final-report-sad-rubicon-2010.pdf
Macpherson, E. (1998). Ontogenetic shifts in habitat use and aggregation in juvenile sparid fishes. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 220(1), 127–150. DOI: 10.1016/S0022-0981(97)00086-5
McClanahan, T. R., & Mangi, S. (2000). Spillover of exploitable fishes from a marine park and its effect on the adjacent fishery. Ecological Applications, 10(6), 1792–1805. DOI: 10.1890/1051-0761(2000)010[1792:SOEFFA]2.0.CO;2
MCS (Mediterranean Conservation Society). (2013). Demarcation Boards of the No Fishing Zones in Gökova SEPA. Retrieved June 20, 2019 from http://dcm.dka.gov.tr/App_Upload/Gokova%20Korfezi%20Balıkciliga%20Kapali%20Alanlar%20Bilgilendirme%20Brosur.pdf
MedPAN and UNEP-MAP-SPA/RAC. (2017). The 2016 status of Marine Protected Areas in the Mediterranean: Main findings. Retrieved June 20, 2019 from http://d2ouvy59p0dg6k.cloudfront.net/downloads/medpan_forum_mpa_2016___brochure_a4_en_web_1_.pdf
Mesnildrey, L., Gascuel, D., & Le Pape, O. (2013). Integrating Marine Protected Areas in fisheries management systems: Some criteria for ecological efficiency. Aquatic Living Resources, 26(2), 159–170. DOI: 10.1051/alr/2013056
Micheli, F., Benedetti‐Cecchi, L., Gambaccini, S., Bertocci, I., Borsini, C., Osio, G. C., & Romano, F. (2005). Cascading human impacts, marine protected areas, and the structure of Mediterranean reef assemblages. Ecological Monographs, 75(1), 81–102. DOI: 10.1890/03-4058
Microsoft Corporation. (2018). Microsoft Excel. Retrieved June 20, 2019 from https://office.microsoft.com/excel
OECD. (2017). Marine Protected Areas: Economics, Management and Effective Policy Mixes. OECD Publishing.
Planes, S., Galzin, R., Rubies, A., Goñi, R., Harmelin, J., Diréach, L. L. E., Lenfant, P., & Quetglas, A. (2000). Effects of marine protected areas on recruitment processes with special reference to Mediterranean littoral ecosystems. Environmental Conservation, 27(2), 126–143. DOI: 10.1017/S0376892900000175
Ricker, W. E. (1975). Computation and interpretation of biological statistics of fish populations. Department Of The Environment Fisheries And Marine Service.
Roberts, C. M., & Hawkins, J. P. (2000). Fully protected marine reserves: a guide. Retrieved June 20, 2019 from https://www.arlis.org/docs/vol1/E/45746144.pdf
Roberts, C. M., Hawkins, J. P., & Gell, F. R. (2005). The role of marine reserves in achieving sustainable fisheries. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences, 360(1453), 123–132. DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2004.1578
Rolim, F. A., Langlois, T., Rodrigues, P. F. C., Bond, T., Motta, F. S., Neves, L. M., & Gadig, O. B. F. (2019). Network of small no-take marine reserves reveals greater abundance and body size of fisheries target species. PLoS One, 14(1), e0204970. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0204970
RStudio Team. (2015). RStudio: Integrated Development for R. RStudio, Inc., Boston, MA. Retrieved June 20, 2019 from http://www.rstudio.com/
Sala, E., & Giakoumi, S. (2018). No-take marine reserves are the most effective protected areas in the ocean. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 75(3), 1166–1168. DOI: 10.1093/icesjms/fsx059
Sale, P. F., Cowen, R. K., Danilowicz, B. S., Jones, G. P., Kritzer, J. P., Lindeman, K. C., Planes, S., Polunin, N. V., Russ, G. R., Sadovy, Y. J., & Steneck, R. S. (2005). Critical science gaps impede use of no-take fishery reserves. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 20(2), 74–80. DOI: 10.1016/j.tree.2004.11.007
Schroeder, D. M., & Love, M. S. (2002). Recreational Fishing and Marine Fish Populations. Calif. Cooperative Ocean. Fish. Investig. Rep., 43, 182–190.
Soykan, O., & Cerim, H. (2018). General Aspects of Recreational Angling and Some Estimations on Catch Amounts in Turkey. Düzce University Journal of Science and Technology, 6(4), 1441–1452. DOI: 10.29130/dubited.393756
Soykan, O., Gülşahin, A., & Cerim, H. (2020). Contribution to some biological aspects of invasive marbled spinefoot (Siganus rivulatus, Forsskål 1775) from the Turkish coast of southern Aegean Sea. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 100(3), 453–460. DOI: 10.1017/S0025315420000351
Stobart, B., Warwick, R., González, C., Mallol, S., Díaz, D., Reñones, O., & Goñi, R. (2009). Long-term and spillover effects of a marine protected area on an exploited fish community. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 384, 47–60. DOI: 10.3354/meps08007
Tunca, S., Ünal, V., & Miran, B. (2013). Final report of “Social and Economic Aspects of Recreational Fishing in Foça and Gökova Special Environmental Protection Areas”. Retrieved June 20, 2019 from http://dcm.dka.gov.tr/App_Upload/16_Foca%20ve%20Gokova%20Ozel%20Cevre%20Koruma%20Bolgelerinde%20Amator%20Balikciligin%20Sosyal%20ve%20Ekonomik%20Yonu%20Final%20Raporu.pdf
Ünal, V. & Erdem, M. (2009). Sürdürülebilir Geleneksel Balıkçılık. AB SMAP III GÖKOVA PROJESİ, Gökova İç Körfezi ve Sedir Adası İçin Bütünleşik Kıyı Alanları Yönetim Planı Hazırlanması, MED/2005/110-655. (In Turkish).
Ünal, V., Kızılkaya, Z., & Yıldırım, Z. D. (2015). How could we convince fisheries stakeholders to establish no-take zones? Lessons from small-scale fisheries in Gökova Bay (eastern Mediterranean), Turkey. In First Regional Symposium on Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries in the Mediterranean and Black Sea. 27–30 November 2013, (201-208 pp). Rome: FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Proceedings No. 39.
Ünal, V., Yıldırım, Z. D., & Tıraşın, E. M. (2019). Implementation of the ecosystem approach to fisheries for the small-scale fisheries in Gökova Bay, Turkey: baseline report. Rome: FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical Paper No. 646.
Venturini, S., Campodonico, P., Cappanera, V., Fanciulli, G., & Cattaneo Vietti, R. (2017). Recreational fisheries in Portofino Marine Protected Area, Italy: Some implications for the management. Fisheries Management and Ecology, 24(5), 382–391. DOI: 10.1111/fme.12241
Ward, T., & Hegerl, E. (2003). Marine Protected Areas in Ecosystem-based Management of Fisheries. A report for the Department of the Environment and Heritage. Retrieved June 20, 2019 from https://library.dbca.wa.gov.au/static/FullTextFiles/062287.pdf
Yemane, D., Shin, Y. J., & Field, J. G. (2009). Exploring the effect of Marine Protected Areas on the dynamics of fish communities in the southern Benguela: An individual-based modelling approach. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 66(2), 378–387. DOI: 10.1093/icesjms/fsn171