Habitat requirements of Elodea canadensis Michx. in Polish rivers

Aurelia Cegłowska, Szymon Jusik, Aleksandra Samecka-Cymerman, Agnieszka Klink, Krzysztof Szoszkiewicz

Percentage of each flow type (chute, broken standing waves, unbroken standing waves, rippled, smooth and no perceptible flow) in relation to all Elodea canadensis sites in four biocenotic types of rivers based on the RHS method (Environment Agency 2003; Szoszkiewicz et al. 2012)

Paper category: Original research paper
Corresponding author: Aurelia Cegłowska (aurelia.ceglowska@interia.pl)
DOI: 10.1515/ohs-2017-0037
Received: March 9, 2017
Accepted: June 9, 2017
Full text: here

Citation:

Abstract

The main objectives of this work were to investigate the range of habitat conditions (in terms of water chemistry and hydromorphological parameters) at sites colonized by Elodea canadensis and to analyze the species composition of communities with this plant species. We analyzed physicochemical, hydromorphological and biological data from 1135 sites located in Polish rivers to identify environmental factors that determine the occurrence of Elodea canadensis. Canadian waterweed was present at 18.1% of the analyzed river sites, located mainly in the lowlands (26.2% of all lowland sites).The results show that Elodea canadensis prefers moderately mineralized water (545 ± 329 µS cm-1), rich in calcium and magnesium carbonates (174 ± 63 mg CaCO3 l-1, 84.1 ± 31.4 mg Ca2+ l-1 and 11.1 ± 6.4 mg Mg2+ l-1), with moderate concentrations of chlorides and sulfates (38.9 ± 59.1 mg Cl l-1 and 62.3 ± 50.9 mg SO42- l-1) and in terms of nutrients, it prefers water from moderately rich to mesotrophic and eutrophic. This plant has high light requirements and grows mainly in unshaded sections of shallow rivers. The studied species avoids sections of rivers strongly transformed and those with reinforced banks and bottoms. Canadian waterweed occurs mostly in the company of vascular macrophytes associated with slow-flowing rivers with sandy bottom material, indicating mesotrophic and eutrophic water.

References

Barrat-Segretain, M.H. (2001). Invasive species in the Rhone River floodplain (France): Replacement of Elodea canadensis Michaux by E. nuttallii St. John in two former river channels. Archiv fur Hydrobiologie 152(2): 237-251.

Barrat-Segretain, M.H. & Cellot, B. (2007). Response of invasive macrophyte species to drawdown: The case of Elodea sp. Aquatic Botany 87(4): 255-261. DOI: 10.1016/j.aquabot.2007.06.009.

Busuioc, G., David, I., Mihaela, S. & Iliescu, N. (2012). Evaluation of capacity for bioaccumulation of some heavy metals in three aquatic plants species. In P. Gâştescu, W. Jr. Lewis & P. Breţcan (Eds.), Water resources and Wetlands (pp. 220-223).

Carbiener, R., Tremolieres, M., Mercier, J.L. & Ortscheit, A. (1990). Aquatic macrophyte communities as bioindicators of eutrophication in calcareous oligosaprobe stream waters (Upper Rhine plain, Alsace). Vegetatio 86(1): 71-88. DOI: 10.1007/BF00045135.

Coops, H., Kerkum, F.C.M., van den Berg, M.S. & van Splunder, I. (2007). Submerged macrophyte vegetation and the European Water Framework Directive: assessment of status and trends in shallow, alkaline lakes in the Netherlands. Hydrobiologia 584(1): 395-402. DOI: 10.1007/s10750-007-0586-9.

Dodkins, J., Aguiar, F., Rivaes, R., Albuquerque, A., Rodriguez-Gonzalez, P. et al. (2012). Measuring ecological change of aquatic macrophytes in Mediterranean rivers. Limnologica 42: 95. DOI: 10.1016/j.limno.2011.09.001.

Dziennik Ustaw Rzeczpospolitej Polskiej (2016). Poz. 1187. Rozporządzenie Ministra Środowiska z dnia 21 lipca 2016 r. w sprawie sposobu klasyfikacji stanu jednolitych części wód powierzchniowych oraz środowiskowych norm jakości dla substancji priorytetowych. Warszawa.

Environment Agency (2003). River Habitat Survey in Britain and Ireland. Field Survey Guidance Manual: 2003 Version. 2003. Environment Agency, Warrington.

Garrison, A.W., Nzengung, V.A., Avants, J., Ellington, J.J., Jones W.J. et al. (2000). Phytodegradation of p, p–DDT and the enantiomers of o, p–DDT. Environmental Science & Technology 34(9): 1663-1670. DOI: 10.1021/es990265h.

Hansen, A.T., Stark, R.A. & Hondzo, M. (2011). Uptake of dissolved nickel by Elodea canadensis and epiphytes influenced by fluid flow conditions. Hydrobiologia 658(1): 127-138. DOI: 10.1007/s10750-010-0456-8.

Haury, J., Peltre, M.C., Tre´molie`res, M., Barbe, J., Thie´baut, G. et al. (2006). A new method to assess water trophy and organic pollution – the Macrophyte Biological Index for Rivers (IBMR): its application to different types of river and pollution. Hydrobiologia 570: 153-158. DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4020-5390-0_22.

Hussner, A. & Lösch, R. (2005). Alien aquatic plants in a thermally abnormal river and their assembly to neophyte dominated macrophyte stands (River Erft, North rhine Westphalia). Limnologica 35(1-2): 18-30. DOI: 10.1016/j.limno.2005.01.001.

Hussner, A. (2012). Alien aquatic plant species in European countries. Weed Research 52: 297-306. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-3180.2012.00926.x

Janauer, G.A., Schmidt-Mumm, U. & Schmidt, B. (2010). Aquatic macrophytes and water current velocity in the Danube River. Ecological Engineering 36(9): 1138-1145. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecoleng.2010.05.002.

Jianping, G., Garrison, A.W., Hoehamer, Ch., Mazur, C.S. & Wolfe, N.L. (2000). Uptake and phytotransformation of organophosphorus pesticides by axenic ally cultivated aquatic plants. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 48(12): 6114-6120. DOI: 10.1021/jf9904968.

Jones, J.I., Eaton, J.W. & Hardwick, K. (2000). The effect of changing environmental variables in the surrounding water on the physiology of Elodea nuttallii. Aquatic Botany 66: 115-129. DOI: 10.1016/S0304-3770(99)00069-8.

Josefsson, M. & Andersson, B. (2001). The environmental consequences of alien species in the Swedish lakes Mälaren, Hjälmaren, Vänern and Vättern. Ambio 30(8): 514-521. DOI: 10.1579/0044-7447-30.8.514.

Jusik, S., Szoszkiewicz, K., Kupiec, J.M., Lewin, I. & Samecka-Cymerman, A. (2015). Development of comprehensive river typology based on macrophytes in the mountain-lowland gradient of different Central European ecoregions. Hydrobiologia 745(1): 241-262. DOI: 10.1007/s10750-014-2111-2.

Kabata-Pendias, A. (2011). Trace Elements in Soils and Plants. Boca Raton, London, New York, Washington D.C.: CRC Press.

Karen, D.J., Joab, B.M., Wallin, J.M. & Johnson, K.A. (1998). Partitioning of chlorpyrifos between water and an aquatic macrophyte (Elodea densa). Chemosphere 37(8): 1579-1586. DOI: 10.1016/S0045-6535(98)00141-6.

Kähkönen, M.A. & Manninen, P.K.G. (1998). The uptake of nickel and chromium from water by Elodea canadensis at different nickel and chromium exposure levels. Chemosphere 36(6): 1381-1390. DOI: 10.1016/S0045-6535(97)10022-4.

Kłosowski, S. & Kłosowski, G. (2007). Flora Polski. Roślin wodne i bagienne. Poland: Multico.

Kolada, A. & Kutyła, S. (2016). Elodea canadensis (Michx.) in Polish lakes: a non-aggressive addition to native flora. Biological Invasions 18(11): 3251-3264. DOI: 10.1007/s10530-016-1212-4.

Kuhar, U., Germ, M. & Gaberščik, A. (2010). Habitat characteristics of an alien species Elodea canadensis in Slovenian watercourses. Hydrobiologia 656(1): 205-212. DOI: 10.1007/s10750-010-0438-x.

Madsen, J.D., Sutherland, J.W., Bloomfield, J.A., Eichler, L.W. & Boylen, C W. (1991). The decline of native vegetation under dense Eurasian watermilfoil canopies. Journal of Aquatic Plant Management 29: 94-99.

Maggioni, L.A., Fontaneto, D., Bocchi, S. & Gomarasca, S. (2009). Evaluation of water quality and ecological system conditions through macrophytes. Desalination 246(1): 190-201. DOI: 10.1016/j.desal.2008.03.052.

Matsui, A. (2014). Relationship between distribution and bottom sediment of submerged macrophytes in the Seta River, Shiga Prefecture, Japan. Landscape and Ecological Engineering 10(1): 109-113. DOI: 10.1007/s11355-012-0192-5.

Meilinger, P., Schneider, S. & Melzer, A. (2005). The reference index method for the macrophyte – based assessment of rivers – a contribution to the implementation of the European Water Framework Directive in Germany. International Review of Hydrobiology 90(3): 322-342. DOI: 10.1002/iroh.200410768.

Mjelde, M., Lombardo, P., Berge, D. & Johansen, W.S. (2012). Mass invasion of non-native Elodea canadensis Michx. in a large, clear-water, species-rich Norwegian lake – impact on macrophyte biodiversity. Ann. Limnol. – Int. J. Lim. 48: 225-240. DOI: 10.1051/limn/2012016.

Nichols, S.A. & Shaw, B.H. (1986). Ecological life histories of the three aquatic nuisance plants, Myriophyllum spicatum, Potamogeton crispus and Elodea canadensis. Hydrobiologia 131(1): 3-21. DOI: 10.1007/BF00008319.

Ot’ahel’ová, H., Valachovič, M. & Hrivnák, R. (2007). The impact of environmental factors on the distribution pattern of aquatic plants along the Danube River corridor (Slovakia). Limnologica 37(4): 290-302. DOI: 10.1016/j.limno.2007.07.003.

O’Hare, M., Baattrup-Pedersen, A., Nijboer, R.C., Szoszkiewicz, K. & Ferreira, T. (2006). Macrophyte communities of European streams with altered physical habitat. Hydrobiologia 566(1): 197-210. DOI: 10.1007/s10750-006-0095-2.

Raven, P.J., Holmes, N.T.H., Dawson, F.H., Fox, P.J.A., Everard, M. et al. (1998). River Habitat Quality the physical character of rivers and streams in the UK and Isle of Man, River Habitat Survey, Environment Agency. Bristol: Scottish Environment Protection Agency. Stirling: Environment and Heritage Service, Belfast, 2: 1-96.

Riis, T., Sand-Jensen, K. & Vestergaard, O. (2000). Plant communities in lowland Danish streams: species composition and environmental factors. Aquatic Botany 66(4): 255-272. DOI: 10.1016/S0304-3770(99)00079-0.

Samecka-Cymerman, A. & Kempers, A.L. (2003). Biomonitoring of water pollution with Elodea canadensis. A case study of three small polish rivers with different levels of pollution. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 145(1): 139-153. DOI: 10.1023/A:1023632229312.

Santos, M.J., Anderson, L.W. & Ustin, S.L. (2011). Effects of invasive species on plant communities: an example using submersed aquatic plants at the regional scale. Biological Invasions 13: 443-457. DOI: 10.1007/s10530-010-9840-6.

Simpson D.A. (1984). A short history of the introduction and spread of Elodea Michx in the British Isles. Watsonia 17: 121-132.

Simpson, D.A. (1986). Taxonomy of Elodea Michx in the British Isles. Watsonia 16: 1-14.

StatSoft, Inc. (2014). STATISTICA (data analysis software system), version 12.5, www.statsoft.com.

Steffen, K., Leuschner, C., Muller, U., Wiegleb, G. & Becker, T. (2014). Relationships between macrophyte vegetation and physical and chemical conditions in northwest German running waters. Aquatic Botany 113: 46-55. DOI: 10.1016/j.aquabot.2013.10.006.

Szoszkiewicz, K., Jusik, S., Ławniczak, A.E. & Zgoła, T. (2010a). Macrophyte development in unimpacted lowland rivers in Poland. Hydrobiologia 656(1): 117-131. DOI: 10.1007/s10750-010-0439-9.

Szoszkiewicz, K., Zbierska, J., Jusik, S. & Zgoła, T. (2010b). Makrofitowa Metoda Oceny Rzek. Podręcznik metodyczny do oceny i klasyfikacji stanu ekologicznego wód płynących w oparciu o rośliny wodne (in Polish) [Macrophyte Method for River Assessment. A methodological manual on the assessment and classification of the ecological status of flowing waters based on aquatic plants]. Poznań: Bogucki Wydawnictwo Naukowe, 1-78.

Szoszkiewicz, K., Zgoła, T., Jusik, S., Hryc-Jusik, B., Dawson, F.H. et al. (2012). Hydromorfologiczna ocena wód płynących. Podręcznik do badań terenowych według metody River Habitat Survey w warunkach Polski (in Polish) [Hydromorphological assessment of flowing waters. A manual for field studies according to the River Habitat Survey in Poland]. Poznań-Warrington: Bogucki Wydawnictwo Naukowe,: 1-164.

Tavzes, B. & Urbanic, G. (2009). New indices for assessment of hydromorphological alteration of rivers and their evaluation with benthic invertebrate communities. Alpine case study. Review of Hydrobiology 2(2): 131-169.

Ter Braak, C.J.F. & Šmilauer, P. (2002). CANOCO Reference manual and CanoDraw for Windows User’s Guide: Software for Canonical Community Ordination (version 4.5). Microcomputer Power Ithaca.

Thiébaut, G. (2005). Does competition for phosphate supply explain the invasion pattern of Elodea species? Water Research 39: 3385-3393. DOI: 10.1016/j.watres.2005.05.036.

Thiébaut, G., Gross, Y., Gierlinski, P. & Boiche, A. (2010). Accumulation of metals in Elodea canadensis and Elodea nuttallii: implication for plant-macroinvertebrate interactions. Science of the Total Environment 408(22): 5499-5505. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2010.07.026.

Wiegleb, G., Bröring, U., Filetti, M., Brux, H. & Herr, W. (2014). Long-term dynamics of macrophyte dominance and growth-form types in two north-west German lowland streams. Freshwater Biology 59(5): 1012-1025. DOI: 10.1111/fwb.12323.

Wiegleb, G., Herr, B., Zander, B., Bröring, U., Brux, H. et al. (2015). Natural variation of macrophyte vegetation of lowland streams at the regional level. Limnologica 51: 53-62. DOI: 10.1016/j.limno.2014.12.005.

Zehnsdorf, A., Hussner, A., Eismann, F., Rönicke, H. & Melzer, A. (2015). Management options of invasive Elodea nuttallii and Elodea canadensis. Limnologica 51: 110-117. DOI: 10.1016/j.limno.2014.12.010.

References

Bądź pierwszy, który skomentuje ten wpis

Dodaj komentarz