Hexabromocyclododecane contamination of herring gulls in the coastal area of the southern Baltic Sea

Andrzej Reindl, Lucyna Falkowska, Agnieszka Grajewska

Paper category: Original research paper
Corresponding author: Andrzej Reindl (andrzej.reindl@ug.edu.pl)
DOI: 10.1515/ohs-2020-0014
Received: 25/08/2019
Accepted: 21/10/2019
Full text: here

Citation (APA style): Oceanological and Hydrobiological Studies, Volume 49, Issue 2, Pages 147–156, eISSN 1897-3191, ISSN 1730-413X, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ohs-2020-0014.


Muscles and livers of herring gulls (Larus argentatus) found in the coastal area of the southern Baltic Sea were tested for the presence of hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD) isomers. They were detected in the muscles (ΣHBCD = 42.82 ± 30.65 ng g−1 l.w.) and livers (ΣHBCD = 65.51 ± 27.96 ng g−1 l.w.) of all examined gulls. The α-HBCD isomer dominates in all types of samples. Our study has shown that bodies of gulls are less contaminated with HBCD than bodies of aquatic birds from other regions of the world. There was no clear correlation between HBCD concentrations and sex and age of birds. Nevertheless, it was indicated that the highest concentrations of ΣHBCD and the α-HBCD isomer were found in the livers of immature females (mean = 89.31 ± 21.63 ng g−1 l.w. and mean = 76.72 ± 24.54 ng g−1 l.w., respectively). The highest liver sequestration rates of the α-HBCD isomer were found in both adult and immature males (mean = 7.7 ± 13.7 and mean = 6.2 ± 11.9, respectively).


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