Structure and succession of periphyton in an urban reservoir: artificial substrate specificity

Ivana Trbojević, Jelena Jovanović, Dušan Kostić, Slađana Popović, Jelena Krizmanić, Vesna Karadžić, Gordana Subakov Simić

Location of Lake Savsko and the sampling site

Paper category: Original research paper
Corresponding author: Ivana Trbojević (b3038_2014@stud.bio.bg.ac.rs)
DOI: 10.1515/ohs-2017-0038
Received: March 1, 2017
Accepted: April 14, 2017
Full text: here

Citation:

Abstract

Substrate specificity of the periphyton community is usually underestimated in both periphyton ecology and biomonitoring studies, thus different kinds of both natural and artificial substrates (of organic and inorganic origin) are employed. Periphyton colonization and successional trajectories are particularly debatable processes when different kinds of substrates are considered. In our field experiment, we deployed four kinds of artificial substrates (two inorganic ones – glass and ceramic, and two organic ones – willow and yew wooden tiles) for the development of periphyton in an urban reservoir referred to as Lake Savsko (Belgrade, Serbia). We comparatively investigated the structure, colonization process, diversity and successional trajectories of periphyton. We also assessed the relationship between the dynamics of algae growth forms (ecological groups) on different substrates and selected abiotic limnological factors. Our objective was to determine whether the type of substrate affects periphyton characteristics at various levels and whether an artificial substrate potentially affects the bioindication capacity of ecological groups. We concluded that all substrates behave similarly at the level of structure and colonization phases, but when considering diversity and successional trajectories, the substrate specificity was demonstrated. Our results suggest that communities developed on inert substrates (glass and ceramic) could provide more realistic insight into complex environmental changes.

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