Preliminary results on the ovarian histology of rabbitfish Siganus rivulatus (Forsskal, 1775) in the southern Aegean Sea, Turkey

Serhat Engin, Ozan Soykan, Hasan Cerim, Anıl Gülşahin

Paper category: Original research paper
Corresponding author: Serhat Engin (
DOI: 10.1515/ohs-2020-0019
Received: 12/12/2019
Accepted: 24/01/2020
Full text: here

Citation: Oceanological and Hydrobiological Studies, Volume 49, Issue 3, Pages 207–214, eISSN 1897-3191, ISSN 1730-413X, DOI:


The study aimed to determine the annual reproductive cycle of Siganus rivulatus  females based on monthly variation of the gonadosomatic index (GSI) and histological changes in gonads. A total of 240 fish samples were collected monthly from small-scale (trammel nets) and recreational (angling and pot fishery) fishing from Gökova Bay, the southern Aegean Sea, between July 2017 and June 2018. The length and weight of female fish varied from 10.8 to 26.1 cm with a mean length of 18.7 ± 0.2 cm and from 14.98 to 293.42 g with a mean weight of 91.1 ± 2.93 g. GSI values began to increase in May, peaked in June and gradually decreased in July, indicating that the spawning season was early summer. A total of 240 gonads were histologically examined. Granular, pinkish structure of eggs was observed primarily between April and June, which was consistent with the increase in the gonadosomatic index. Post-spawning follicles were determined in July. Values of the gonadosomatic index gradually decreased after August and they were minimal between September and November. During this period, ovaries were surrounded by immature oocytes at the chromatin and peri-nucleolus stages. These results revealed that Siganus rivulatus started vitellogenesis in April and the gonadosomatic index peaked in June.


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